Jump to navigation Jump mentales Training PDF search This article is about the memorization technique. For the podcast, see The Memory Palace. Cicero discussed the method of loci in his De Oratore. The method of loci is also known as the memory journey, memory palace, or mind palace technique.
Författare: Fred Christmann.
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The items to be remembered in this mnemonic system are mentally associated with specific physical locations. The method relies on memorized spatial relationships to establish order and recollect memorial content. It is also known as the „Journey Method“, used for storing lists of related items, or the „Roman Room“ technique, which is most effective for storing unrelated information. Many effective memorisers today use the „method of loci“ to some degree. Contemporary memory competition, in particular the World Memory Championship, was initiated in 1991 and the first United States championship was held in 1997. Memory champions elaborate on this by combining images.
Eight-time World Memory Champion Dominic O’Brien uses this technique. Using this technique a person with ordinary memorisation capabilities, after establishing the route stop-points and committing the associated images to long-term memory, with some practice, can remember the sequence of a shuffled deck of cards. The world record for this is held by Simon Reinhard at 21. The technique is taught as a metacognitive technique in learning-to-learn courses. It is generally applied to encoding the key ideas of a subject.
Think through the key ideas of a subject in depth, re-arrange the ideas in relation to an argument, then link the ideas to loci in good order. A study at the University of Maryland evaluated participants ability to accurately recall two sets of familiar faces, using a traditional desktop, and with a head-mounted display. The study was designed to leverage the method of loci technique, with virtual environments resembling memory palaces. It is accepted that there is a greater cost involved in the initial setup, but thereafter the performance is in line with the standard loci method. Something that is likely a reference to the „method of loci“ techniques survives to this day in the common English phrases „in the first place“, „in the second place“, and so forth. The technique is also used for second language vocabulary learning, as polyglot Timothy Doner described in his 2014 TED talk.