Maria Stuart PDF

Maria Henriëtte Stuart werd geboren in St. Karel I gaf haar in 1642 de titel Princess Royal, waarmee de traditie werd gevestigd dat de oudste dochter van de Britse vorst deze titel zou dragen. De titel werd ingesteld op het initiatief van koningin Henriëtta Maria, die de Franse etiquette wilde maria Stuart PDF, waar de oudste dochter van de koning de titel Madame Royale droeg. De wens van haar vader was om haar een zoon van Filips IV van Spanje te laten huwen, terwijl haar neef Karel I Lodewijk van de Palts ook naar haar hand dong.


Författare: Friedrich Schiller.
Maria Stuart, ehemals Königin von Schottland und wegen Mordes an ihrem Ehemann des Thrones enthoben, sucht Zuflucht in England. Zunächst duldet die englische Königin Elisabeth ihre Rivalin im Land, doch als sie sich einem Komplott gegenübersieht, lässt sie Maria verhaften. Während einer 19 Jahre dauernden Kerkerhaft sieht Maria ihrer immer sicherer scheinenden Hinrichtung entgegen. Friedrich Schillers meisterliche Tragödie ‚Maria Stuart‘, 1800 uraufgeführt, besticht durch das dramaturgische Geschick, mit dem der große Dichter seine Hauptfigur trotz vieler Momente der Schicksalsergebenheit immer wieder Hoffnung schöpfen lässt.

In maart 1647 volgde haar echtgenoot Willem II zijn vader op als stadhouder. In november 1650 echter stierf Willem onverwacht aan de pokken, vlak na zijn poging om Amsterdam op zijn politieke tegenstanders te veroveren. De Restauratie van Karel II in Groot-Brittannië, verbeterde de positie van de „Dowager Princess“ en haar zoon in Holland zeer. In 1660 wordt de roep in de Republiek om verheffing van de prins steeds luider. In september 1660 keerde zij naar Engeland terug. Zij stierf echter twee maanden later op 29-jarige leeftijd aan pokken in het Palace of Whitehall en werd begraven in Westminster Abbey.

Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 4 okt 2018 om 14:56. Gelijk delen, er kunnen aanvullende voorwaarden van toepassing zijn. Zie de gebruiksvoorwaarden voor meer informatie. Princess Louisa Maria Teresa Stuart by Alexis Simon Belle 1704. England, Scotland, and Ireland, and of his queen, Mary of Modena. A Royal Stuart Society paper calls Louisa Maria the Princess over the Water, an allusion to the informal title King over the Water of the Jacobite pretenders, none of whom had any other legitimate daughters. Louisa Maria was born in 1692, at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, during her parents‘ exile.

Had some of those witnesses been invited to Saint James’s on the morning of the tenth of June 1688, the House of Stuart might, perhaps, now be reigning in our island. But it is easier to keep a crown than to regain one. It might be true that a calumnious fable had done much to bring about the Revolution. She was given the name Louisa in honour of King Louis XIV, who acted as her godfather.

After the birth, James II declared that Louisa Maria had been sent by God as a consolation for her parents at the time of their distress, and in later years she was often referred to as La Consolatrice. Louisa was the only full sibling of Prince James Francis Edward, the ‚Old Pretender‘, to survive infancy, and was four years younger than her brother. The two were brought up together in France. Louisa’s tutor was an English Roman Catholic priest, Father Constable, who taught her Latin, history, and religion.

She also had a governess, the Countess of Middleton, wife of the Jacobite peer Charles, 2nd Earl of Middleton. An allegorical portrait by Alexis Simon Belle of James Francis Edward and his sister Louisa Maria, showing the prince as a guardian angel leading his sister under the gaze of cherubim, was painted in 1699 and is now in the Royal Collection. By the summer of 1701, King James was seriously ill, and had been away from Saint Germain seeking medical treatment, accompanied by his wife. However, in June the two returned home for the birthdays of their two children, and two months later James suffered a stroke, dying just two weeks later on 16 September.

Serve your creator in the days of your youth. Consider virtue as the greatest ornament of your sex. Follow close the great pattern of it, your mother, who has been, no less than myself, over-clouded with calumny. But time, the mother of truth, will, I hope, at last make her virtues shine as bright as the sun. Soon after James’s death, Louis XIV proclaimed James Francis Edward as king of England, Scotland and Ireland, and he was also formally recognised as king by Spain, the Papal States and Modena. In 1705, at the age of thirteen, Louisa Maria was a guest of honour at a ball at the Château de Marly, ranking only after Louis XIV himself, her own mother Queen Mary, and her brother James Francis Edward, considered by Louis to be another King.

On 23 March 1708, after a delay caused by the measles, the young James attempted a landing on Scottish soil, at the Firth of Forth, supported by a fleet of French ships. Louisa Maria enjoyed dancing and the opera, and became popular at the French court. Louisa felt keenly that Jacobites in exile had made huge sacrifices for her family, and she herself paid for the daughters of many of them to be educated. In this, she made no distinction between Roman Catholics and Protestants, supporting the daughters of both. In April 1712, both James Francis Edward and his sister fell sick with smallpox. Church of the English Benedictines in Paris. I had the honour of passing two hours with the queen of England, who is the very image of desolation.

The princess had become her friend and only consolation. On the 12th of April this year, the princess Louisa Maria Teresa, youngest daughter of the late king James, died of the small-pox at St. Germains, to the regret of many in England, even of those who were unfriendly to her brother’s claims. Like many other churches in Paris, the Church of the English Benedictines was desecrated and vandalised during the French Revolution. Several portraits of Louisa Maria survive. Among those of Louisa Maria alone, one is by François de Troy, ca. French had for this royal family, tho‘ in misfortunes, were also the daughters of persons whose birth and fortune might have done honour to the service of the greatest empress in the world in beauty, the princess herself was esteemed a Prodigy.