South Island, across the Foveaux Strait. Rakiura firmly at the heart of Māori mythology. Rakiura is the more commonly known and used Lonely Planet Discover New Zealand PDF name. It is usually translated as Glowing Skies, possibly a reference to the sunsets for which it is famous or for the aurora australis, the southern lights that are a phenomenon of southern latitudes.
Författare: Lonely Planet.
For some, Rakiura is the abbreviated version of Te Rakiura a Te Rakitamau, translated as „great blush of Rakitamau“, in reference to the latter’s embarrassment when refused the hand in marriage of not one, but two daughters, of an island chief. According to Māori legend, a chief on the island named Te Rakitamau was married to a young woman who became terminally ill and implored him to marry her cousin after she died. Captain James Cook and his crew were the first Europeans to sight the island from the Endeavour in March 1770. As the ship sailed south around it, Cook recorded its insularity and described the strait that separates it from South Island. But a few weeks later, he changed his mind. The island received its English name in honour of William W.
Australia, in 1809 on a sealing expedition. In 1841, the island was established as one of the three Provinces of New Zealand, and was named New Leinster. For most of the twentieth century, „Stewart Island“ was the official name, and that is still in common use by most New Zealanders. Rakiura by the Ngai Tahu Claims Settlement Act 1998, one of many such changes under the Ngāi Tahu treaty settlement. Its terrain is hilly and, like most of New Zealand, Stewart Island has an Oceanic climate. The north is dominated by the swampy valley of the Freshwater River. The southern half is more uniformly undulating, rising to a ridge that runs south from the valley of the Rakeahua River, which also flows into Paterson Inlet.